Male breast enlargement (gynecomastia) can negatively affect the mental health and self-esteem of males, especially adolescent males. That is what a new study showed in the April 2013 issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
The study was set up to determine the physical and psychosocial impact of gynecomastia and its severity on adolescent males seeking treatment. The study compared males with gynecomastia with males without gynecomastia, ranging in ages from 12 to 21 years. The results of the study showed that gynecomastia does indeed have a significant negative impact on the psychosocial well-being of affected adolescent patients, specifically social functioning, mental health, and self-esteem. This psychosocial impact was not affected by the severity of the disease, affecting even males with mild gynecomastia.
Based on this study, early surgical intervention likely will have positive effects on the psychosocial development of adolescents. Surgery for gynecomastia varies depending on the severity of the disease. If there is only excess fat in the breasts, this can be liposuctioned with no scars. Sometimes, the areola is enlarged and there is a bud of fibrous tissue underneath. The tissue can be removed and the areola can be decreased in size with a partial or complete scar around the areola. If the entire breast is enlarged and ptotic (sagging), a breast reduction incision can be used to lift and flatten the breast by removing any excess skin and tissue.
If you or a family member has gynecomastia and would like to hear more about options for treatment, schedule a consultation with Board Certified plastic surgeon Dr. Shareef Jandali today. Call 203-374-0310 to set up an appointment.